This ground has been covered before, most notably in Stefan Kuhl’s “The Nazi Connection: Eugenics, American Racism, and German National Socialism” (Oxford University Press, ). Nazi ideology as it developed in Hitler’s Germany was an extension of the ideas developed in this country, and it’s not all surprising that Hitler himself openly admitted as much: In “Mein Kampf,” published in , Hitler quoted American eugenic ideology and openly displayed a thorough knowledge of American eugenics.
Throughout Nazi Germany, racial “experts” examined eye color and hair color, and measured facial dimensions to determine whether or not individuals were racially “Aryan.” The term “Aryan” originally referred to peoples speaking Indo-European languages. After World War II, the concept of eugenics lost support when defendants at the Nuremberg Trials attempted to equate Nazi Germany’s Jewish Holocaust eugenics program with less drastic eugenics programs in the United States. As global concern for human rights grew, many nations slowly abandoned their eugenics policies.
Scientists would measure human skulls in an effort to map the parts of the brain that make criminals violent, in an effort to eradicate criminality. Other eugenics proponents would simply suggest cutting entire groups of people our of the gene pool because of the color of their skin. Nazi Germany’s flirtation with eugenics began with a set of laws that excluded Jews from trade, professions, and civil service. Eventually, these policies would bear fruit in the Nuremberg Laws, which made it a criminal offense for Germans to marry Jews or to have their children.
1 , Jewish immigrant children were experimented on with high lethal doses of radiation in overseen by Shimon Peres and sponsored by the USA. The d. International Conference of Eugenics at the Museum of Natural History, where Averell sat on the board of trustees. Rudin, soon to be a Nazi official, wrote the Nazi law' 'for the Protection of German Blood and German Honor, " which defined Jews as non-citizens, and made sexual intercourse between Jews and "Aryans" a criminal offense.